Information Sources for Children - Diet, Behaviour and Learning

Adams et al. (1996) Arachidonic acid to eicosapentaenoic acid ratio in blood correlates positively with clinical symptoms of depression. Lipids 31 157-161.


Amminger G.P et al (2007) Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in children with autism: a double-blind randomized, placebo controlled pilot study. Biological Psychiatry 61 (4): 551-3.


Arnold E; Bozollo H; Hollway J (2005) Serum Zinc Correlates with Parent- and Teacher-Rated Inattention in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology  15, 4, 628-636.


Barragán, Breuer, and Döpfner, 2014, Efficacy and Safety of Omega-3/6 Fatty Acids, Methylphenidate, and a Combined Treatment in Children With ADHD

Bell G; MacKinlay E; Dick J et. al (2004) Essential fatty acids and phospholipase A2 in autistic spectrum disorders. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 71 201-204.


Bilici M; Yıldırım F; Kandil S et. al (2004) Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of zinc sulfate in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry 28, 181– 190.


Bloch, Qawasmi, 2011, Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation for the Treatment of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis


Burgess JR, Stevens L, Zhang W, Peck L. 2000. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71(suppl):327S–330S.


Coppen A, Bolander-Gouaille C (2005) Treatment of depression: time to consider folic acid and vitamin B12. Journal of Psychopharmacology 19 (1) pp 59-65.


Dienke, Oranje1, Veerhoek1, Van Diepen1, Weusten1, Demmelmair2, Koletzko, 2015, Reduced Symptoms of Inattention after Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Boys with and without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder


Food Standards Agency (2013) Food colours and hyperactivity [online] available from <> [last accessed 26/02/13]


Freeman M P et al (2006) Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Evidence Basis for Treatment and Future Research in Psychiatry. Journal of  Clinical Psychiatry 67: 1954-1966.


Gillie O (2008) Scotland’s Health Deficit – An explanation and a plan. Health Research Forum Occasional Reports: No 3. Health Research Forum. London.


Hibbeln J; Davis J; Steer C  et. al  (2007) Maternal seafood consumption in pregnancy and neurodevelopmental outcomes in childhood (ALSPAC study): an observational cohort study. Lancet 369 (9561): 578-85.


HMSO (2004) Advice on fish consumption: benefits and risks. Joint report by SACN and COT. TSO, London.


Johnson M et al (2009) Omega-3/Omega-6 Fatty Acids for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial in Children and adolescents. Journal of Attention Disorders. Vol 12 No. 5 pp 394-401.


Kesby J P et al (2011)The effects of vitamin D on brain development and adult brain function. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. Article in press – Available on line June 1st 2011.


MacDonell L; Skinner F; Ward et. al (2000) Increased levels of phospholipase A2 in dyslexics. Prostoglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 63 37-39.


Mahoney,Taylor, Kanarek, Samuel, 2005, Effect of breakfast composition on cognitive processes in elementary school children


Mocking, Harmsen1, Assies1, Koeter1, Ruhé, and Schene, 2016, Meta-analysis and meta-regression of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for major

depressive disorder


Montgomery, Burton, Sewell, Sprecklesen and Richardson, 2014, Fatty acids and sleep in UK children: subjective and pilot objective sleep results from the DOLAB study – a randomizedcontrolled trial


National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2010). Headline results from year 1 of the rolling programme 2008/2009 Eds: Bates, B; Lennox, A; Swan G.


Otero G; Pliego-Rivero F; Contreras G et. Al (2004) Iron Supplementation Brings up a Lacking P300 in Iron Deficient Children. Clinical Neurophysiology 115, 2259–2266.


Peet M et. al (1998) Depletion of omega 3 fatty acid levels in red blood cell membranes of depressive patients. Journal of Biological Psychiatry 43 315-319.


Pelsser L; Frankena K; Toorman J et. al  (2011) Effects of a restricted elimination diet on the behaviour of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (INCA study): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 377: 494–503.


Practice-based Evidence in Nutrition (2011) Is there any evidence to support essential fatty acid (EFA) supplementation for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? [online] available by subscription from <> [last accessed 21/02/13]


Richardson A J, Montgomery P (2005) RCT of fatty acid supplementation in children with DCD. Pediatrics. 115 (5): 1360-1366.


Schab D W (2004) Do artificial food colours promote hyeractivity in children with hyperactive syndromes? A meta-analysis of double blind placebo controlled trials Journal of developmental and behavioural paediatrics. - 6 : Vol. 25. - pp. 423-434.


Scientific Advisory Committeeon Nutrition (2011) The Influence of maternal, fetal and child nutrition on the development of chronic disease in later life [online] available from <> [last accessed 25/02/13]



Sinn N, Bryan J (2007) Effect of supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids and micronutrients on learning and behaviour problems associated with child ADHD. Journal of Developmental & Behavioural Behavioural Pediatrics. 28 82-91.


Starobrat-Hermelin B; Kozielec  (1997)The effects of magnesium physiological supplementation on hyperactivity in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Positive response to magnesium oral loading test. Magnesium research. 10 (2), 149-56.


Stevenson J (2007)Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3 year old and 8/9 year old children in the community: a randomised, double- blinded placebo controlled trial. The Lancet. Vol. 370 No. 9598 pp 1560-1567.


Whiteley P et. al (2010)The ScanBrit randomised, controlled, singleblind study of a gluten- and casein-free dietary  intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders. Nutritional Neuroscience Vol 13, No. 2 , pp 87-100.