It is important to be aware of portion sizes as too much or too little of any type of food can increase our risk of health problems.

This is because the body may be getting too much or too little of what it needs to stay healthy. This Food Fact Sheet will provide an overview of recommended portion sizes of typical foods. As every person is different, the recommended number of portions for each food will vary, but this sheet provides a good place to get you started.

Carbohydrates – what is a portion?

One medium slice of bread
Pasta (boiled) two to three tablespoons
Rice (boiled) two to three tbsp
Two egg sized new potatoes (boiled)
One medium baked potato (with skin)*
Breakfast cereal: three tbsp
Porridge oats: three tbsp

* Potatoes do not contribute to one of your 5-a-day, however sweet potatoes, parsnips, swedes and turnips do.

TOP TIP: Choose wholegrains or higher fibre versions with less added fat, salt and sugar. For more information, see the BDA Food Factsheet on Wholegrains. Be mindful that the carbohydrate portions provided contain different amounts of carbohydrate and calories.

Dairy – what is a portion?

Type of dairy food Portion size in grams or mililitres (ml) What does this look like?
Milk 200ml (1/3 pint) One glass
Calcium fortified soya alternatives 200ml (1/3 pint) One glass
Yoghurt 125g One standard pot/three tablespoons
Cheese (hard) 30g A matchbox size piece

TOP TIP: Try to always choose lower fat and lower sugar options where possible.

Protein – what is a portion?

Animal Protein Amount in grams (g) What does this look like?
Cooked meat (beef/pork/lamb/mince/chicken/turkey) 60g-90g A deck of cards
Cooked white fish (cod or plaice) or canned fish 140g Palm of hand
Cooked oily fish (salmon, mackerel, sardines) 140g Palm of hand
Two eggs 120g  


Plant Protein Amount in grams (g)
Four tablespoons of baked beans 150g
Four tbsp of beans (kidney beans/butterbeans/black eyed beans 150g
Four tbsp of pulses (lentils/chickpeas) 150g
Four tbsp of soya/tofu, vegetable based meat alternative 100g
One tbsp/handful of nuts or peanut butter 30

TOP TIP: Eat more beans and pulses, and two portions of sustainably sourced fish per week, one of which is oily. Eat less red and processed meat.

Fruit and vegetables – what is a portion?

What is a portion Amount in grams (g)
An apple/pear/orange/banana 80g
A handful (10-12) grapes/ berries 80g
Two plums/apricots/kiwis/satsumas 80g
A small handful/one tablespoon of dried fruit (eg. raisins or sultanas) 30g
Three heaped tbsp of peas/carrots/sweetcorn/mixed vegetables 80g
1/2 pepper/a medium tomato/a medium parsnip 80g

TOP TIP: Eat at least five portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day.

Oils and spreads – what is a portion?

Type of oil/spread Amount in grams (g)
One teaspoon of butter or spread 5g
One tsp of oil 3g

TOP TIP: Keep to a minimum/small amounts of oils and spreads and measure out. Opt for unsaturated fats.

Mixing food types and portions

People will often have more than one portion of one food type at each meal.

Based on the portion sizes above:

  • a sandwich with two slices of bread with two teaspoons of butter (one on each slice) would be two portions of carbohydrates and two portions of fats
  • a meal including meat or fish plus beans or pulses would be two portions of protein
  • a meal containing broccoli and carrots would be two portions of vegetables.

The Eatwell Guide (above) shows how much of what we eat overall should come from each food group to achieve a healthy, balanced diet. You can find more information about the guide here.