Fat facts

Fats are an important part of the diet; they provide the body with energy and with some important vitamins.

Wholegrains

This fact sheet recommends the amount of wholegrains people should consume and explains which foods contain it.

Fruit and vegetables – how to get five-a-day

By eating at least five portions of a variety of fruits and vegetables a day, you will not only look and feel better, but you will give your body many essential nutrients that it needs to maintain your overall long-term health.

Folic Acid

This Food Fact Sheet will tell you all about folic acid – which foods are good sources, how much you need, and who should take supplements.

Glycaemic Index (GI)

This Food Fact Sheet explains how there are many types of carbohydrates (carbs), but they all behave differently in your body. The Glycaemic Index (GI), is a ranking of how quickly these foods make your blood glucose levels rise after eating them.

Iodine

This Food Fact Sheet will tell you more about iodine, its food sources and how much you need.

Salt

This Food Fact Sheet looks at salt in our diet, how to identify foods containing too much salt and tips to moderate salt consumption and improve your health.

Carbohydrates

Foods that contain carbohydrates are an important part of our diets. Learn how to choose healthy sources of carbohydrates.

Cholesterol

This fact sheet explains what cholesterol is and how eating better can help to lower your cholesterol if it is too high.

Soya foods

Research on soya foods is ongoing, but it is clear that soya is a nutritious, safe and palatable part of the diet which fits well with healthy eating guidelines and may have multiple health benefits.

Iron

Your body needs iron for muscle development during growth and to transport oxygen in healthy blood. Iron requirements vary, so careful choices are particularly important for some people.

Sugar

This Food Fact Sheet will help you understand how sugar may affect your health and well-being.

Omega-3

You may have heard that eating foods rich in omega-3 fats could help to keep you healthy. This Food Fact Sheet looks at which foods contain omega-3 fats, how much we need and the benefits for our health.

Stanols and Sterols

This Food Fact Sheet will look at stanols' and sterols' role in reducing the bad type of cholesterol in our blood - which can lead to heart disease and stroke.

Calcium

How much calcium do different groups of people need and what foods and drinks are rich in calcium?

Vitamin D

You can get vitamin D from some foods including fortified foods and everyone is recommended to take a supplement, especially during autumn and winter.

Fibre

Fibre is essential for your gut to work normally. It increases good bacteria which supports your immunity against inflammatory disorders and allergies.